天道首页 > 雅思考试 > 雅思写作

雅思写作所需的十个准则

责任编辑:aithusa.yang来源:互联网时间:2017-10-11 11:38:38点击:

雅思写作无从下手,需要知晓哪些准则呢?下面天道小编为大家分享一下雅思写所需的十条准则。

关键词: 雅思考试雅思备考雅思写作

  雅思写作无从下手,需要知晓哪些准则呢?下面天道小编为大家分享一下雅思写所需的十条准则。

  1.Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic

  不同的段落构成文章,每个段落仅传递一个观点

  2.As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence; end it in conformity with the beginning

  规则:每个段落均以主题句开头,并且首尾呼应。

  A.the topic sentence comes at or near the beginning;

  主题句前置

  B.the succeeding sentences explain or establish or develop the statement made in the topic sentence;

  段落围绕主题句展开,后面的句子对主题句进行展开解释

  C.the final sentence either emphasizes the thought of the topic sentence or states some important consequence.

  末尾句或者对主题句进行强调,或者阐述主题句带来的结果。

  3.Use the active voice

  主动句永远比被动句直接有力

  Eg:There were a great number of dead leaves lying on the ground

  = Dead leaves covered the ground. (清晰生动)

  Eg:The reason that he left college was that his health became impaired.

  = Failing health compelled him to leave college. (简洁有力)

  Eg:It was not long before he was very sorry that he had said what he had.

  = He soon repented his words. (简洁有力)

  4.Put statements in positive form

  以肯定的形式表达否定的意思, 避免使用平淡、毫无色彩,犹豫不决和含糊其辞的语言。

  Eg:He was not very often on time.

  = He usually came late.

  Eg:He did not think that studying Latin was much use.

  = He thought the study of Latin useless.

  Eg: The taming of the Shrew is rather weak in spots. Shakespeare does not portray Katharine as a very admirable character, nor does Bianca remain long in memory as an important character in Shakespeare’s works.

  = The women in The Taming of the Shrew are unattractive. Katharine is disagreeable, Bianca insignificant.

  5.Omit needless words

  删除冗词

  Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that every word tell.

  有力的写作一定简洁。

  Owing to the fact that

  =Since (because)

  In spite of the fact that

  =Though (although)

  Call your attention to the fact that

  =Remind you (notify you)

  The fact that he had not succeeded

  =His failure

  6.Avoid a succession of loose sentences

  别写流水账,找找语言的逻辑关系,通过who, which, when, where, and while 这些词把句子串起来。

  7.Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form

  Parallel structure 平行结构讲究对称美:内容对等,结构一致。

  Eg:Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method, while now the laboratory method is employed.

  Parallel structure: Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method; now it is taught by the laboratory method.

  8.Keep related words together

  词的位置决定词的关系,所以遵循‘物以类聚’,意思关联紧密的词放在一块。

  A: 主谓之间不分割,补充信息需前置

  Eg:Wordsworth, in the fifth book of The Excursion, gives a minute description of this church.

  Eg:In the fifth book of the Excursion, Wordsworth gives a minute description of this church. (状语前置,主谓毗邻)

  B:关系代词紧随先行词出现

  Eg:There was a look in his eye that boded mischief.

  Eg:In his eye was a look that boded mischief. (名词look先行,关系词that紧随)

  9.In summaries, keep to one tense

  总结通常使用现在时态,如果使用过去时,请保持时态一致。

  10.Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end

  欲擒故纵的圆周句(periodic sentence)中,强调信息后置。

  Eg:Four centuries ago, Christopher Columbus, one of the Italian mariners whom the decline of their own republics had put at the service of the world and of adventure, seeking for Spain a westward passage to the Indies as setoff against the achievements of Portuguese discoverers, lighted on America.

  Eg:With these hopes and in this belief I would urge you, laying aside all hindrance, thrusting away all private aims, to devote yourselves unswervingly and unflinchingly to the vigorous and successful prosecution of this war.

大家都在关注

分享到:

  • 出国考试春季集训班
  • 2017出国考试寒假提分营

请输入验证码关闭

  • 出国考试春季集训班

免责声明:①凡本站注明“本文来源:天道教育”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发表。已经本站协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源:天道留学”,违者本站将依法追究责任。②本站注明稿件来源为其他媒体的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本站转载出于非商业性的教育和科研之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在两周内速来电或来函联系。

关于天道天道历史资质荣誉特色优势媒体报道企业招聘更多
培训服务北美课程北美课程特色英联邦课程英联邦课程特色天道培训优势更多
培训课程SAT课程托福课程雅思课程GRE课程GMAT课程更多
高分学员榜SAT高分学员托福高分学员雅思高分学员GRE高分学员GMAT高分学员更多
名师风采五星名师多对一教学加辅导海归+名校多年教学经验内部教材独家研发更多
");}(document);